The FTTH access network is also being disaggregated at the Optical Line Terminal (OLT).  Pluggable optics coupled with commodity Ethernet Leaf-Spine switch fabric is replacing the OLT chassis in the CO.

In the home, the Optical Network Terminal (ONT) and Gateway/AP functions are converging into a single device.  The ‘smarts’ are being moved to the Edge Cloud, with the CPE performing only basic networking functions for the home.

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Service Providers use SONAR4 Analytics to provide end-to-end visibility across the brownfield environment.